Rubik Cube Color Pattern

Rubik Cube Color Pattern – Everything You Need to Know

If you’re looking to buy a Rubik’s cube, one of the most important considerations you ought to make is that of the color scheme. There are 2 main schemes – the western one and the Japanese one. Both of them use the same colors – yellow, white, red, green, orange, and blue, only that these colors are arranged differently.

 Let’s have a closer look at both schemes.

1.The Japanese Color Scheme

When people started mass producing the Rubik’s cube, they used the Japanese color scheme. Although many producers later shifted to the western scheme, there is still a number of manufacturers using the Japanese color scheme.

The Japanese Color Scheme

A most notable feature with this arrangement is that:

  • Blue is opposite white
  • Red is opposite orange
  • Yellow is opposite green

If you have gone through online solving guides, you might have noticed that most of them involve working on the white cross first. However, with the Japanese color scheme, cubers normally start with the blue cross, and finish with the white layer.

2.The Western Color Scheme

Also known as the BOY (this represents blue orange yellow) color scheme, the western color scheme is the most commonly used color scheme.


The BOY color scheme involves the following arrangement of faces:

  • White is opposite yellow
  • Red is opposite orange
  • Blue is opposite green

With this color arrangement, cubers normally begin by creating the white cross, and finish up with the yellow face.

Regulations involving Rubik’s cube color patterns

The WCA (world cubing association) do not specify the color patterns you should use in official competitions. The only requirement, and this one is an obvious one, is that in the solved state, your cube should have just one color per face.

Cube Structure

Let’s now look at the structure of the Rubik’s cube briefly. This will help you better understand how the cube works.

The Rubik’s cube is just a cube with 6 faces and 12 edges of around 2.2 inches in length. It’s made of 26 small cubes, which cubers call cubelets or cubies. Each of the cube’s sides consists of 9 cubelets. One interesting thing about these cubelets is that they don’t actually have a cubical shape; the inner part isn’t compeleted into a real cube.

There are 3 types of pieces on the Rubik’s cube:

  • Centers
  • Edges
  • Corners

The centers

Each side of the cube has one center piece, and now that the Rubik’s cube has 6 sides, that means there are 6 centers on the standard 3x3 cube. These centers are firmly connected to each other by a 6-armed cross, and thus they only rotate on their axes. The main function of this design is to keep the other cubelets from falling apart.

The color on the centers determine the color that should be on that particular face. For instance, if it’s white, then the face should be white; if it’s blue, then the face should be blue. This is the basis of color schemes.

 On the original Rubik’s cube, as well as all cubes that use the western color scheme, have this arrangement of center colors:
  • White is opposite yellow
  • Orange is opposite red
  • Green is opposite blue

There’s another common color scheme; it’s called the Japanese color scheme, and it involves this arrangement:

  • White is opposite blue
  • Orange is opposite red
  • Green is opposite yellow

The second color scheme was the one that was used when the mass production of the Rubik’s cube started, but it was later replaced by the western scheme.

The edges

There isn’t much to say about the edges and the corners. Here’s what you need to know about the edges:

There are 12 edges on the Rubik’s cube, and each of these has one edge piece. Each edge piece has 2 different colors.

The corners

There are 8 corner pieces on the cube. Each of these corners has 3 different colors.

The Verdict

 When buying a Rubik’s cube, be sure to check its color scheme (you can find that on the specs). Our recommendation is that you go with what is more popular – the western color scheme, as almost all the solution methods you will come across use it.

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