Solve Rubik's Cube

How to Solve Rubik’s Cube? Definitive Guide with Pictures

Having trouble solving the Rubik’s cube?

Or, do you already know how to solve the cube but seek an easier way of doing it?

You have come to the right place. In the next few moments, you will learn how to solve the Rubik’s cube in perhaps the easiest way, even if you’re an absolute beginner. With regards to that, we’re going to do it in a step-by-step manner.

Apart from that, you will discover several interesting facts about the Rubik’s cube.

So, let’s do it.

Stage One – Knowing Your Cube

A Rubik’s cube has 3 types of pieces – edge, center, and corner pieces.

Edge pieces – these ones are 12, situated in the middle rows, and each has 2 colors.

Corner pieces – they are 8, and each piece has 3 colors.

Center pieces – they’re 6 in number, and each has a single color. Note, center pieces are always located opposite one another:

  • White is opposite yellow
  • Green is opposite blue
  • Red is opposite orange

Sides of the Rubik’s Cube

There are 6 sides, which are represented by letters as follows:

  • Right side – R
  • Left – L
  • Up – U
  • Down – D
  • Front – F
  • Back – B

The Moves

The moves that you make with the 3x3 Rubik’s cube are defined by the faces or rather the sides. For instance, F denotes a clockwise turn of the front face by 90°. B denotes a clockwise turn of the back face by 90°, and what does R denote?

That’s right, a clockwise turn of the right face by 90°. So, when you see a capital letter representing a face, you know that’s a clockwise rotation of that face by 90°.

When you encounter a capital letter with an apostrophe following it or letter “i” coming before it, you know that’s an anticlockwise. So, F’ or iF refers to an anticlockwise turn of the front face.

A capital letter followed by a power of 2 means a double move. For example, F2 tells you to turn the front face twice, that is, rather than turning it by 90°, you turn it by 180°.

Note this: as you make the rotations, ensure you’re holding the cube with the logo on the top side, and don’t change the side that’s facing you, unless directed otherwise.

The cubelets shaded grey in the illustrations below depict the parts you shouldn’t worry about while making your moves. And by the way, a cubelet refers to one of the small cubes in the Rubik’s cube.

Stage Two: The White Cross

 We’re going to start off with the white face. The first thing we’ve got to do is make a white cross on top. As there are no solved pieces to take care of, this step is largely intuitive. Try to get your cube to look like the one showed below

Stage three: The white corners

As you can see on your cube, only the corner pieces aren’t solved. We need to change those to white so the top face is totally solved. This step is also largely intuitive, and you can do it without using any algorithm.

Having problems? Try this:

Turn the lowest layer, ensuring that a white piece is directly opposite the position it should be going to on the top face.

After that, do one of the following algorithms (this word refers to a set of moves), according to how the white sticker is orientated.

 Note: in case the white corner is in the right spot but turned incorrectly, you can pop it out first.

Stage Four: The Second Layer

Up to now, the process has been easy and the moves have been intuitive but from now onwards, we need to utilize algorithms.

Forget the solved white face and place the cube in an upside-down position so you can focus on the unsolved side.

Now, we shall solve the first 2 layers using 2 algorithms, which we shall dub right & left algorithms. With these, we’re going to shift the top layer’s front edge piece to the middle layer, but we have to take care not to mess up the solved white face.

You should have your cube’s top looking like that of the cubes displayed below; if you don’t have that, turn the upper layer till you have it looking as showed.

Depending on your cube’s orientation, one of the following set of moves should help you make your cube appear like cube B above:

  • iU L' U L U F iU iF
  • U R U' R' iU iF U F

Stage five: The yellow cross

Here, we’re making a yellow cross just like we made the white cross. Don’t pay much attention to the colors on the cube’s sides, just focus on creating a yellow cross on top. There are 3 possible patterns you can achieve on the top face, and this set of moves should help you finally get the yellow cross: F R U iR iU F'.

 If you only have a yellow center, then you have to use the algorithm thrice to achieve the yellow cross. If you have an L, then you should do it twice, and if you have a horizontal line of 3 yellows, then you should execute the algorithm just once.

Stage six: The yellow edges

Here, you are going to place the yellow edges such that the other color on the cubelet matches the color on that face. Use this algorithm to pull that off: R U iR U R U2 iR U.

Note: you might have to apply this algorithm more than once to hit the target.

Step seven: solving the yellow corner pieces

Now, it’s just the last layer’s corners that aren’t solved. What you’ve got to do is take them to the correct position, and by the way, you need not fret about the orientation. Go for a piece that’s already on the correct spot, and shift it to the corner situated at the top right of the front face. Then, apply the following set of moves to move the other 3 yellow corners near (or rather below) their right spots: U R iU L’ U iR iU L.

Orientate the yellow corners

The cube is almost completely solved, only that the yellow corners aren’t on their correct spots just yet. Here’s what you need to do to finish up:

Hold the 3x3 with the unsolved corner on the front-right-up (FRU) corner and apply this algorithm either two or four times till the piece is correctly orientated: R’ D’ R D.

It looks like you’re messing up everything? Relax, the cube will be fine as soon as you orientate the corner pieces correctly.

Just be careful not to rotate the entire cube as you orientate these corners, and don’t move the 2 lower layers between the algorithms.

 Congratulations! The cube is solved!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is an algorithm?

An algorithm is a definite sequence of moves, which is used to solve the Rubik’s cube. An example of an algorithm is URU'L'UR'U'L.

2. Is it possible to solve the Rubik’s cube without using algorithms?

Solving the Rubik’s cube is done in stages. Some stages, like “making the white cross”, are intuitive, and don’t require any algorithms, while other stages need memorizing algorithms. The bottom line is, to take the cube from a scrambled state to a solved state, you will have to use algorithms at some point.

3. What are some popular algorithms in solving the Rubik’s cube?

  • iU iL U L U F iU iF – used for a left edge piece placement
  • F R U iR iU F' – used for creating the white cross
  • R U iR U R U U iR – utilized to align the third layer’s center pieces
  • U R iU L' U iR iU L – used to align the third layer’s corner pieces

4. What are the chances that I will solve the Rubik’s cube by accident?

Your odds of solving a totally scrambled cube are 1 in 1900. That’s pretty slim, right? It’s the reason why you should learn how to solve the Rubik’s cube instead of trying to solve it by guesswork.

Final Word

Erno Rubik, the 3x3 Rubik’s cube’s inventor, had to struggle for a whole month before finally making it. That doesn’t mean it will take you a whole month to successfully solve the cube but you will definitely use lots of patience. If this solution guide didn’t help you solve it at first attempt, try again and again till you succeed. We assure you that this is one of the easiest Rubik’s cube solution guides you will find, and if you follow the steps keenly, we’re positive you will make it.

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